The Future of Health Care
What is Regenerative Medicine?
All cells in our body are constantly dividing to form new cells. Eventually these cells will age and die. Stem cells are your body’s natural healing cells and can act as the repair system in your body by regenerating the cells that make up tissues.
Regenerative medicine is the process of creating living, functional tissues to repair or replace tissue or organ function lost due to age, disease, damage, or congenital defects.Regenerative medicine itself isn’t new — the first bone marrow and solid-organ transplants were done decades ago. Recent advances in developmental and cell biology, immunology, and other fields have unlocked new opportunities to refine existing regenerative therapies and develop new ones.
How Do Adult Stem Cells Heal?
Adult stem cells are known as “progenitor” cells. They remain dormant unless they witness some level of tissue injury, which activates them. So, when a person has a degenerative problem, the stem cells tend to go to that area of need and stimulate the healing process. But, they can only do that when they are released from the tissue that they originate from (in our case, from adipose fat tissue) and are released to find areas of injury, triggering the primary means of repair for the area of injection.
Of all stem cell sources, harvesting fat cells involves the least risk and delivers the most stem cells per cc. Adipose tissue (fat cells) is also one of the richest sources of Mesenchymal cells, or MSCs. These are the cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types including bone cells, cartilage, and connective tissues but they also have tremendous cellular activity and release potent growth factors.
Where are Stem Cells Found?
Adipose Tissue (Fat)
Requires extraction by liposuction, usually about 50cc from the abdominal area
Requires extraction through pheresis, then the stem cells are extracted from the blood
Requires extraction by drilling into the bone (typically the femur or iliac crest)
Recent advances in stem cell science have made it possible to obtain high numbers of quality multi-potent cells from a person’s own fat, harvested by liposuction. Cellular therapy is a state-of-the-art technology harnessing the power of fat which contains 500 to 2000 times the number of adult mesenchymal stem cells (per cc of fat) than can be yielded from bone marrow or blood. Typically there are approximately 1 million perivascular and mesenchymal stem cells per one cc of fat.
The procedure entails performing a mini-liposuction (around 50 mL of fat tissue) typically from the abdomen, under local anesthesia. Perivascular and mesenchymal stem cells are extracted from the tissue, which are then incubated and deployed within ninety minutes or less. Under proprietary protocols, these stem cells are activated and deployed back into the patient where they secrete growth factors and paracrine effects leading to their regenerative potential. Clinical research suggests treatment success could be directly related to the quantity of stem cells deployed.